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Medical Imaging Sciences


Radiography - Advanced Specialties

The profession of diagnostic radiography includes general Radiography, Computed Tomography, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Angiography, Mammography, and various subspecialties. Radiologic technologists use their knowledge and skills of patient care, physics, anatomy, and physiology to accurately position patients to ensure that optimal radiographic images are produced for diagnosis. They work closely with radiologists who interpret medical images to either diagnose or rule out disease or injury.  
In general a diagnostic radiographer:

  • Demonstrate an understanding of human anatomy, physiology, pathology, physics and patient care. 
  • Maintain a high degree of accuracy in radiographic positioning and exposure technique.
  • Maintain knowledge about radiation biology, protection and safety and implements principles of ALARP
  • Prepare and may administer contrast media and medications in accordance with established protocols and guidelines.
  • Act as a liaison for patients, radiologists and other members of the healthcare team.
  • Adhere to professional and ethical standards when performing duties.
  • Continually strives to improve knowledge and skills of the profession by participating in continuing education and professional activities, sharing knowledge with colleagues and investigating new aspects of professional practice.

Career Opportunities and Earning Potential

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2010-11 Edition Employment is projected to grow faster than average. Employment of radiologic technologists is expected to increase by about 17 percent from 2008 to 2018. As the population grows and ages, there will be an increasing demand for diagnostic imaging. With age comes increased incidence of illness and injury, which often requires diagnostic imaging for diagnosis. In addition to diagnosis, diagnostic imaging is used to monitor the progress of disease treatment. With the increasing success of medical technologies in treating disease, diagnostic imaging will increasingly be needed to monitor progress of treatment. It is expected that those with knowledge of more than one diagnostic imaging procedure will have the best employment opportunities.
The median annual wage of radiologic technologists was $52,210 in May 2008. The middle 50 percent earned between $42,710 and $63,010. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $35,100, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $74,970. Median annual wages in the industries employing the largest numbers of radiologic technologists in 2008 were:

Medical and diagnostic laboratories


Federal Executive Branch


General medical and surgical hospitals


Outpatient care centers


Offices of physicians


Professional Organizations
For additional information on the profession please visit:

American Registry of Radiologic Technologist -






Rutgers School of Health Professions



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